Order Now
Plant Engineer CDR sample

Career Episode 3 on CDR Sample 2 Production and plant engineer


Time duration January 2013 to July 2013
Location Pakistan
Organization Schlumberger
Project Low cost solution for shallow gas risks in MPCL Operation
Position Lead Technical Engineer

[CE 3.1]

This career episode relates to project titled “Low Cost Solution for Shallow Gas Risks in MPCL Operation’’. The project was carried out during my tenure at Schlumberger Pakistan.

Schlumberger is the world's leading provider of technology for reservoir characterization, drilling, production, and processing to the oil and gas industry. Working in more than 85 countries and employing approximately 100,000 people who represent over 140 nationalities, Schlumberger supplies the industry's most comprehensive range of products and services, from exploration through production and integrated pore-to-pipeline solutions for hydrocarbon recovery that optimize reservoir performance.

I am working in Well Integrity services of Schlumberger where we provide cementing services to the E&P companies to provide zonal isolation to the well either by successful primary cementing or remedial cementing. Services includes from designing, testing and executing a cement slurry design to have zonal isolation in the well.


[CE 3.2]

Block 17 in Pakistan is an onshore location, located in Baluchistan Province and operated by Mari Petroleum Company Limited.

Some of the wells on Block 17, with depths varying from 600 m to 1350 m, must be drilled and cemented, where top whole sections were defined to have a potential shallow gas risks.

Gas migration is a complex problem, involving fluid density control, mud removal, cement slurry properties, cement hydration, and between cement, casing and formation interactions. Therefore, Gas migration is one of critical problems in cementing.

Cementing job for wells crossing through gas zone can be or are hazardous. Cementing gas zone is a challenging operation if the risk is not well evaluated and an appropriate solution used. Gas migration will become an issue, and if zonal isolation is not achieved, gas might migrate through the annulus to the surface or other reservoirs. This gas can cause numerous problems and this issue can become hazardous or even cause the loss of the well. The primary cause of annular gas migration during well cementing in gas zone is the underbalanced hydrostatic fluid pressure around of the gas-influenced zone.

This project focused on achieving, low cost-effective solution for potential shallow gas hazards, throughout designing blend with reasonable, fit for purpose solid volume fraction, proper additive selection, and lab testing, following all steps of design, execute and evaluate processes for the top holes section cementing Jabo-1 well.

[CE 3.3]

The main objective of this project was to come up with a solution with which we can achieve complete Zonal Isolation through successful primary cementing job and hence reduce remedial costs. This project focused on achieving, low cost-effective solution for potential shallow gas hazards, throughout designing blend with reasonable, fit for purpose solid volume fraction, proper additive selection, and lab testing, following all steps of design, execute and evaluate processes for the top holes section cementing Jabo-1 well.

[CE 3.4]

The project Hierarchy is given below -

Production and plant engineer CDR report


[CE 3.5]

My Roles & Responsibilities

  • Review technical competition in treatment designs for the Location and recommend improvements to maximize technical performance of the Company.
  • Address Client technical needs by providing solutions through the GMKT, CSLs, Centers of Excellence, or the Company Product Center.
  • Maintain social contact with appropriate client personnel to maintain to provide effective solutions to this problem
  • Responsible for promoting and coordinating Technical meetings with the client to review project updates
  • Support the Operations Manager in the Marketing and Sales Plan at Location level.
  • Develops in-depth knowledge of competition capabilities in product and service technologies.
  • Coordinate and insure timely and effective "Product Line-Specific Technical" training of Sales Engineers, DESC Engineers, and other Field Engineers
  • Pre-test and pre-job tasks as needed in preparation for providing analytical support to actual operations.
  • Feasibility, development and implementation of procedural and process improvement plans within the location laboratory and fluid testing domain.

[CE 3.6]

Cement Slurry Design

This challenging job required a design based on limited time and resources available. A good slurry design is one which considers all the job consideration including well condition and is optimized according to the desired results. This case required fit-for-purpose slurry which could deliver the expected results. The challenge was to design lightweight gastight slurry, which would also prevent the gas influx from the shallow sands. This required low-density slurry that is capable to develop rapid static gel strength during slurry hydration phase. I selected to design 1.3sg LiteFIL slurry with combination of GASBLOK LT and DeepCEM additives. D500 is a GASBLOK additive for low temperature application. I used CemCADE temperature simulator to determine the bottom-hole circulating temperature with data inputs of actual sea current velocity and current profile.

  • This gas tight slurry is defined to have below requirements.
  • Fluid loss value lower than 30 mL/30min.
  • Zero free water.
  • Short static gel strength transition time (from 100 lbf/100ft2 – 500 lbf/100ft2).

Stop Gas Channeling

Gas channeling through a column of cement is most prevalent during its transition from a liquid to a solid. During placement and while the cement is in a liquid state, the main factor prohibiting the gas from entering the cement is the hydrostatic pressure of the cement and mud column above it. Another characteristic that affect hydrostatic pressure of the annular column is the slurry’s gel strength development. The reason for this is the fact that the ability of the slurry to transmit its hydrostatic pressure is a function of its gel strength.

Mud Removal

Poor Quality WBM posed the biggest challenge for effective mud removal and cement coverage around the casing. No matter how good the slurry design is, the overall success of the job is dependent of the removal of mud.

Following challenges can be attributed by the presence of this Mud -

  • Thick filter cake across formation
  • Casing surface wet ability
  • 15% oil in Mud to decrease friction
  • Formation of emulsions
  • Compatibility issues with spacer and slurry
  • Poor cement bond with casing and formation

Lost circulation (Low Frac Gradient Formation)

On top of stop gas migration, we needed to have a cement system which will not induce losses due to narrow pore Frac window. That is why need of light weight cement comes in place. Light weight cement is difficult to blend, design and transport.

[CE 3.7]

I designed three things in this project -

I design Fluids selection based on the formation characteristics by considering the well security. To improve mud removal efficiency, I selected Spacer. It was designed taking account all mud removal criteria defined by WELLCLEAN II criteria. Spacer density and volume selection was mainly based on CemCADE simulation results.

Production and plant engineer CDR report


Optimum centralization was required to come up with standoff which would result in good cement bond log. I utilized centralization simulator and manual calculation for designing an optimum centralization utilizing Stiff and Soft string models of centralization. I encouraged the client to utilize bow spring centralizers to have better standoff.

Blend Design

Production and plant engineer CDR report

The blend was prepared using the sandwich method – four layers of two components (class G+D124) were mixed in WBB. After transferring the batch from the WBB, it was moved for an additional 6 times between two silos to homogenize the blend. During the 6th transfer, three samples were taken from Top – Middle – Bottom batch and sent to Lab for test QA/QC of the blend after transferred to the rig silos was again performed to reconfirm the consistency of the blend, and all the basic slurry testing was done with those samples

Production and plant engineer CDR report Production and plant engineer CDR report

[CE 3.8]

I performed following tests

  • Thickening Time test
  • Free water tests
  • Rheology Tests
  • Fluid Loss Tests
  • SG QA/QC
  • BP Sedimentation Test
  • Slurry Stability Test
  • Latex Stability Test
  • API Compatibility Test
  • Grid Test
  • Casing wet ability Test
  • Slot Test

[CE 3.9]

I performed calculations to conclude bottom hole circulating temperature and bottom hole pressure. These calculations were performed based on API RP 10B recommendations.

I did calculations to conclude centralization model. This included manual calculations for stiff and soft string models of centralization.

Laminar and turbulent flow calculations were utilized to maximize efficiency of mud removal. I also calculated the friction pressure when slurry flows in pipes and annuli to ensure equivalent circulating density is in desired r3ange.

[CE 3.10]

I worked on following software in this project

  • CEMENTICS: Fluid Design and Job Design
  • LCCA: Lost circulation software
  • GMA: Gas Migration Advisor
  • WELLCLEAN: Mud removal Simulation software
  • CEMCAT: Cement Acquisition Software for pressure, temperature, rate and density
  • LabDB: Lab data base software

I followed following Engineering codes & standards

  • API Std 65-2 Isolating Potential Flow Zones During Well Construction
  • API RP 10B: Recommended Practice for Testing Well Cements
  • API Spec 10D/ISO 10427-1:2001: Specification for Bow-Spring Casing Centralizers
  • API RP 10D-2/ISO 10427-2:2004 Recommended Practice for Centralizer Placement and Stop Collar Testing
  • API RP 10B-5/ISO 10426-5:2004: Recommended Practice on Determination of Shrinkage and Expansion of Well Cement Formulations at Atmospheric Pressure
  • API RP 10F/ISO 10427-3:2003 Recommended Practice for Performance Testing of Cementing Float Equipment

[CE 3.11]

I decided to utilize Gas Migration software to calculate the risk of gas migration and design slurry and blend accordingly.

Production and plant engineer CDR report


I had my team helping me getting all the designs validated and approved for the cement job. My colleagues in operations department were helping me in getting the equipment ready for the job which is essential for a successful execution for the cement job.

As project lead I sent weekly updates on the progress of the project and we had bimonthly meetings with the operations manager for well integrity on project

I gave presentation to the operations manager and client on the following topics -

  • Project background
  • Case study
  • Challenges and objectives
  • Solution
  • Cost Analysis
  • Value to Client
  • Value to Schlumbeger
  • Conclusion

[CE 3.13]


Project was successfully completed. Schlumberger met the client’s cementing needs and efficiently fit for purpose slurry designs. A proper QA/QC together with other cementing considerations led to this successful campaign, ensuring:

  • The system develops enough compressive strength, at low BHST and drilling can be resumed.
  • Light weight slurry systems and optimum rheology allow full returns to surface
  • The slurry formulation prevents shallow geo hazards incidents by promoting rapid gel strengths development.
  • Environmentally friendly solutions for better gas migration and fluid loss control during hydration in low temperatures
  • Software optimizes cementing job design with accurate temperature prediction, cement placement simulation including sophisticated algorithms simulating everything
  • Schlumberger and the client set a new standard for cementing solutions in Angola, this will increase and expand the implementation of new technology in future projects.

I applied my knowledge of Fluid mechanics and fluids behavior under temperature and pressure in this project to ensure that optimum equivalent circulating density was maintained throughout the job to avoid lost circulation. I applied my knowledge of Shear stress to shear rate on the fluids to ensure that we have fluids rheological hierarchy. I applied Finite element method to optimize centralization for this well. I applied my knowledge of fluid model to calculate fluid rheological parameters and wall shear stress that fluids will encounter.

I gained the knowledge and experience of dealing with shallow gas risks. I learned how to manage a team. Working under pressure and meeting deadlines.

Top 10 Reasons to choose MyCDRHelp.com

We hold the apex position in providing services regarding CDR writing for engineers Australia. We are known to have very high success records for consistent team of professional writers having years of experience in the field of CDR preparation. We provide the best and trusted service for CDR writing and reviewing of all kinds of engineering disciplines. We provide services for career episode writing, plagiarism check and removal etc.

  • Each section of the CDR is presented in a coherent form, while taking in account the pre-eminent features.
  • The summary statement for the applied occupation is given special attention, as it is the most proficient aspect of the CDR.
  • Utmost emphasis is laid on the various sections of the CDR, from introduction to Summary, in order to ensure that every segment is presented precisely.
  • Preparation of CDR is done by a comprehensive evaluation of the projects in order to provide details to cater to the requirements by Engineers Australia for Australian immigration Competency Demonstration Report.
  • Technical jargons are avoided and each error is corrected as well as any inadequacy is taken care of within the required time duration for the CDR to be approved by EA.
  • Each section of the CDR is assessed as per the standards laid down by MSA (Migration Skill Assessment Booklet) in order to provide meticulous CDR.
  • MyCDRHelp.com ensures the client that they will be provided with the best quality CDR, that abides by the Australian immigration standards framed by Engineers Australia.
  • The qualified connoisseurs apply an analytical process so that the achievements of the clients are in accordance with their desired position and educational lineup.
  • Appropriate Australian English is used by the professional writers to write the content of the CDR to make it affluent.
  • It is made sure by the professionals of MyCDRHelp.com that CDR complies with the Australian standards and consists of the desired characteristics of the required profession of the client.

Should you need any further information, please do not hesitate to contact us.

[email protected]

Contact: +61-4-8885-8110

WhatsApp: +61-4-8885-8110

(Australia, USA, UK, UAE, Singapore, New Zealand)